creating a 7 page powerpoint based on the attached essay on Boeing.

Need help creating a 7 page powerpoint based on the attached essay on Boeing.

(w/references, APA, and plag. checked)  Powerpoint to include notes from attached essay.

Running Head: AIRLINE INDUSTRY: BOEING 1

AIRLINE INDUSTRY: BOEING 2

Airline industry: Boeing

Name

Institution

Airline industry: Boeing

It is of no doubt that the airline industry is one of the major economic drivers in the world. This is because it provides transport services to virtually every part of the globe. The airline industry has played a significant role in the creation of a global economy. Economic analysts posit that the airline industry is a major economic force in terms of how it operates, connect the world, and the impact it has on other related industries such as tourism and aircraft manufacturers to mention but a few (Lawrence & Thornton, 2017). In fact, experts in every economic sector agree that the airline industry has played a significant in turning the world into a global village due to its ability to ferry masses from one corner of the world to several others. The economic importance of the airline industry has been felt by everyone across the world and this cannot be wished away so easily. However, it must be appreciated that the airline industry comes with numerous challenges. For example, the world has witnessed massive losses of lives caused by plane crashes caused by simulators or as a result of terror activities. For the past few months, one of the leading aircraft manufactures has hit headlines for the wrong reasons. This paper provides a comprehensive view of the Boeing Company since its incorporation and the challenges it has gone through to date.

The history of Boeing

Boeing Company is an American aerospace company and the world’s largest in manufacturing commercial jet transports. It is equally the leading manufacturer of space vehicles and military aircraft among others. Its history dates back to 1916 when William Boeing and Conrad Westervelt manufactured a single engine, two-seat plane under B and W and later renamed it Boeing Company in 1917. In the 1920s and 30s, the company successfully sold military aircraft to the United States military (Lawrence & Thornton, 2017). The company assumed its current name in 1961 in a bid to reflect its ambitious expansion in aircraft manufacturing. Today, Boeing is considered the leading manufacturer of military aircraft, commercial airplanes, and missiles. The company has sold several units of Boeing 737 Max 8 to many countries across the world. Boeing 737 is a narrow body plane built by the company’s Renton Plant. It has gone through a series of improvement to enable the company challenges its closest rival; Airbus in term of fuel efficiency and service delivery. The continuous improvement led to the creation of Boeing 737 Max 8 that has since caused two accidents killing all passengers in less than a year. It must be remembered that Boeing 737 Max 8 was launched in December 2015 and the first delivery was made on 16th of May 2017 to Malindo Air. Since then, many other airline companies have obtained several units from the company but the two fatal accidents involving Indonesian Airline and Ethiopian airline caused the airline users and regulators to ground all Boeing 737 Max 8 citing safety concerns.

Boeing Flight crashes from 1990 to present

There have been several Boeing fight crashes from 1990 to the present. About thirty-five cases have been documented. On October 2nd, 1990, Boeing 737 crashed hitting to other planes while attempting to land at Guangzhou Baiyun airport. The plane had been hijacked by terrorists and its efforts to land proved futile killing a total of 128 people including seven crew members, seventy-five passengers, and forty-six other passengers from Flight 2812. In 1992, Boeing 737-200 belonging to United Airlines carrying twenty passengers and five crew members crashed near Colorado Springs killing everyone. The crash was caused by a rudder malfunction (Musi, 2016). On the 6th of June 1992, Boeing 737-204 belonging to Copa Airlines crashed twenty-nine minutes after take-off from Tocumen International Airport killing all the forty passengers and seven crew members. On the 9th of August 1995, a 737-200 belonging to Aviateca crashed while approaching El Salvador International Airport killing all the sixty-five occupants. On 13th of November the same year, a 737-2F9 belonging to Nigeria Airways crashed after a runway overrun. Eleven out of a hundred and twenty-four passengers were killed. All the crew members survived. On 3rd December 1995, a 737-200 belonging to Cameroon Airlines after the crew lost its control while approaching Douala International Airport in Cameroon. A total of seventy-one occupants lost their lives including crew members. Only five people survived the crash. On the 29th of February 1996, a 737-200 belonging to Faucett crashed while approaching Rodríguez Ballón International Airport in Arequipa killing all a hundred and seventeen passengers and six crew members on board. On the 19th of April 2000, a 737-200 belonging to Air Philippines flying from Ninoy Aquino International Airport-Manila crashed while approaching Francisco Bangoy International Airport-Philippines killing all a hundred and twenty-four passengers and seven crew members. On July 8th, 2003, a 737-200C belonging to Sudan Airways stalled and crashed in Port Sudan killing all a hundred and seventeen occupants including eleven crew members (Musi, 2016). On May 18th, 2018, Boeing 737-201 belonging to Global Air operated shortly after takeoff from José Martí International Airport killing a hundred and twelve occupants. On October 29th the same year, Boeing 737 Max 8 belonging to Lion Air crashed thirteen minutes after taking off from Pangkal Pinang in Indonesia killing all a hundred and eighty-one passengers, six crew members and two pilots (Broderick, Carey & Goldstein, 2019). The latest Boeing 737 crash occurred on March 10th, 2019 killing all a hundred and fifty-seven occupants. Most of these crashes occurred as a result of technical challenges originating from the aircraft and not the pilots.

Negligence in not obtaining FAA approval for new software plane changes

The history of Boeing 737 Max 8 dates back to 2015 when it was first rolled out in the market. Since then, many airline companies have acquired several units from Boeing with Lion Air dominating. The sad part is that Boeing 737 Max 8 is still new in the aviation industry but has already caused more three hundred and forty deaths in less than five months. These deaths occurred when Lion Air crashed in the sea thirteen minutes after taking off. The same case occurred when Ethiopian Airline crashed sixteen minutes after taking off from Ethiopia International Airport (Broderick et al., 2019). The two crashes were caused by faulty readings from a key sensor and the pilots followed recommended Boeing procedures when the planes began nose-diving. The manufacturer has been blamed for its negligence in obtaining FAA approval regarding its new software plane changes. This is because the FAA could not have approved and the flawed system could not have been allowed to fly. However, it appears that the company negligently obtained approval from the FAA. The managers at Boeing prodded the certification procedures to be speeded up and the time was too short for FAA’s technical staff to complete the review regarding the new software. Most of the review regarding the new software was delegated back to Boeing and not FAA itself (Broderick et al., 2019). Additionally, the approval procedure was flawed probably because of the global position that the company holds in manufacturing commercial and military aircraft. In other words, the United States was not ready to lose the global market to its key competitors and this could be one of the reasons why the certification procedure regarding the new software was flawed.

Lack of training for all pilots on new software

Following the two deadly crashes that occurred in less than five months apart and with similar characteristics, Boeing was blamed for its failure to train pilots on how the new software works. Furthermore, the Indonesian investigators concluded that the new system that was designed to deal with accident scenarios was not described in the flight operation manual. In addition to this, the United States Pilots Union stated that it was not aware of the new anti-stall system. Most pilots were not aware of the new software and neither were they aware that the computer on Boeing 737 Max 8 could force the aircraft to descend sharply for about ten seconds and that this could make it difficult for them to control the plane (Broderick & Dubois, 2019). Boeing did not conduct training of pilots on how to respond to automatic reactions and how much time they needed to respond. When subtle changes are made, new models in planes come with significant changes on their hardware and software; this is the case with Boeing 737 Max 8. Unfortunately, FAA and Boeing did not mandate new training of pilots on the new software to help them cope with challenges such as nose-diving in the event that the sensor suggests that the aircraft is about to stall. If the system operates differently than the pilot is used to, it becomes difficult for a pilot to climb out with an aircraft full of passengers while figuring out how the new system works.

Pending lawsuits or obstacle’s may Boeing face, if any?

Following two plane crashes that occurred barely five months apart where both crashes had had similar characteristics, several laws suits have been filed against Boeing and this could have a damaging effect on the company. For example, after the Lion Air plane crash, several laws suits were filed by family members and relatives of the deceased alleging that the crash was caused by a faulty anti-stall system as well as the defective flight manual that did not adequately explain to the pilots about the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (Broderick & Dubois, 2019). The system caused the aircraft to nose-dive sharply and suddenly thus making it extremely difficult for the pilot to control the aircraft. One of the lawsuits is one filed on behalf of Dayinta Dyah Anggana whose 54-year old mother died in the plane crash. The claim seeking unspecified damage was filed in Cook County, Chicago where Boeing is headquartered. Apart from this claim, legal experts have warned that the company faces prospects of substantial payouts to families whose relatives lost their lives in the crashes that occurred in less than five months (Broderick & Dubois, 2019). According to legal experts, the second crash could have more damaging effects on the company’s reputation and financial resources because the earlier crash put the company on notice and nothing happened to fix the problem. Another obstacle faced by the aircraft maker is the possibility that airlines that were forced to ground their 737 Max 8 fleets could sue for the money they lost.

What changes should be considered for improvement

There are several changes that Boeing should consider for improvement. For example, the company may maintain the simulator but carry out adequate training of pilots so that they are fully equipped with skills needed to respond to sudden situations without panicking. Additionally, the company needs to make a complete disclosure of Maneuvering Characteristics Augmenting System so that each pilot is fully aware of how the system works (Broderick & Dubois, 2019). This is based on the fact that the pilot of Lion Air that crashed had not heard about the system and neither had other pilots from across the globe heard of it. For this reason, the maneuvering system should be adequately mentioned in the flight manuals.

In summary, Boeing is considered the largest manufacturer of commercial aircraft. However, the company has severally hit headlines for all the wrong reasons. Boeing has made several accidents in the past years but the two most recent accidents are as a result of Maneuvering Characteristics Augmenting System that automatically itself when the aircraft faces the risk of stalling to enable the nose to dive slowly and still enable the aircraft to keep its balances. However, the systems sometimes send wrong readings and making the plane to suddenly nose-dive beyond the control of the pilot.

Reference

Broderick, S., & Dubois, T. (2019). MAX chaos: two 737-8 accidents in five months raise fears; regulatory coordination vaporizes; accident similarities grow. Aviation Week & Space Technology.

Broderick, S., Carey, B., & Goldstein, B. (2019). MAX saga spotlights flight-deck human factors: two Boeing 737-8 accidents center on pilot reactions; crews lacked critical information; abnormal scenario training urged. Aviation Week & Space Technology.

Lawrence, P. K., & Thornton, D. W. (2017). Deep stall: the turbulent story of Boeing commercial airplanes. Routledge.

Musi, S. (2016). Vanguard: A Pre-History of The Boeing Company. In 54th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting (p. 1399).

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