Effect of health care policies, legislation, and legal issues on health care delivery

Create a 6–8-slide PowerPoint presentation for a group of school nurses, which addresses the role of the school nurse in managing the unique health concerns of teenagers while adhering to privacy laws.

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

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  • Competency 1: Explain the effect of health care policies, legislation, and legal issues on health care delivery and patient outcomes.
    • Explain the laws that relate to adolescent safety and health privacy in a school setting.
    • Explain how the privacy laws affect schools, students, and school nurses.
  • Competency 3: Apply professional nursing ethical standards and principles to the decision-making process.
    • Describe health and wellness issues specific to the adolescent population.
    • Recommend evidence-based ethical strategies relating to health and wellness privacy communication by the school nurse.
  • Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is consistent with expectations of nursing professionals.
    • Write content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
    • Correctly format citations and references using APA style.

Role of the School Nurse

It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses that the professional registered school nurse is the leader in the school community to oversee school health policies and programs. The school nurse serves in a pivotal role to provide expertise and oversight for the provision of school health services and promotion of health education. Using clinical knowledge and judgment, the school nurse provides health care to students and staff, performs health screenings, and coordinates referrals to the medical home or private health care provider. The school nurse serves as a liaison between school personnel, family, community and healthcare providers to advocate for health care and a healthy school environment (American Nurses Association & National Association of School Nurses, 2011).

To deepen your understanding, you are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of your professional community.

  • What is FERPA?
  • What is HIPAA?
  • How do FERPA and HIPAA affect school health privacy?
  • What unique health concerns might young people have that differentiate them from adults?


Create a 6–8-slide PowerPoint presentation that examines the privacy issues unique to nurses serving the high-school age population. Address the following:

  • Describe the types of health and wellness issues that can affect adolescents in their high-school years. Be sure you think beyond the usual things and really research the types of issues that are affecting young people today.
  • Explain how privacy laws can impact the school nurse in regard to patient safety and health outcomes for adolescents.
  • Explain how privacy laws benefit the student, the school, and the school nurse.
  • Recommend two specific evidence-based ethical strategies regarding health and wellness privacy communications in a school environment.

Use the notes section of each slide to expand your points and cite your supporting evidence. Also, include a title slide and a reference slide that lists the resources you used in this assessment.

Be creative. Consider your intended audience.

Guidelines for Effective PowerPoint Presentations


One concern about visual presentations is that the technology can overshadow the message, as opposed to enhancing it. Consider carefully how your message is presented so that it reflects care, quality, and professionalism. The information provided here as guidelines for your design.


· Present ideas succinctly with lean prose.

· Use short sentences.

· Use active, rather than passive voice.

· Avoid negative statements, if possible.

· Avoid double negatives entirely.

· Check spelling and grammar.

· Use consistent capitalization rules.


· Develop a clear, strategic introduction to provide context for presentation.

· Develop an agenda or outline slide to provide a roadmap for the presentation.

· Group relevant pieces of information together.

· Integrate legends and keys with charts and tables.

· Organize slides in logical order.

· Present one concept or idea per slide.

· Use only one conclusion slide to recap main ideas.


· Present information at language level of intended audience.

· Do not use jargon or field-specific language.

· Follow the 70% rule—if it does not apply to 70% of your audience, present it to individuals at a different time.


· Use a consistent design throughout the presentation.

· Keep layout and other features consistent.

· Use the master slide design feature to ensure consistency.

· Use consistent horizontal and vertical alignment of slide elements throughout the presentation.

· Leave ample space around images and text.


· When applicable, enhance text-only slide content by developing relevant images for your presentation.

· Do not use gratuitous graphics on each slide.

· Use animations only when needed to enhance meaning. If selected, use them sparingly and consistently.


· Use bullets unless showing rank or sequence of items.

· If possible, use no more than five bullet points and eight lines of text total per slide.

Use of Tables

· Use simple tables to show numbers, with no more than 4 rows x 4 columns.

· Reserve more detailed tables for a written summary.


· Keep font size at 24 point or above for slide titles.

· Keep font size at 18 point or above for headings and explanatory text.

· Use sans serif fonts such as Arial or Verdana.

· Use significant contrast between backgrounds and text.

Speaker Notes

· Summarize key information

· Provide explanation.

· Discuss application and implication to the field, discipline or work setting.

· Document the narration you would use with each slide.