The three people credited for the development of Gestalt therapy are:

QUESTION 1

 

1.      In order to be genuine, counselors:

 

[removed] a. Have to practice using a “poker face”
[removed] b. Have to know themselves
[removed] c. Must use reflections of feeling
[removed] d. Should avoid analysis of transference

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 2

 

1.       Heidegger’s notions of choice, that each choice one makes represents the loss of an alternative, includes all of the following except:

 

[removed] a. The past becomes important in terms of lost opportunities.
[removed] b. Future choices are limited due to past choices and the time remaining to fulfill them.
[removed] c. We have the freedom to choose but must balance this with responsibility.
[removed] d. Some choices are irrational and we need to train ourselves not to make them with rewards and punishments.

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 3

 

1.      Consider a client who feels that he is unlikable by others in his life. When the counseling discussion turns to how likeable the client is to the counselor or therapist, this is an example of:

 

[removed] a. Distracting the client
[removed] b. Empathic understanding
[removed] c. Immediacy
[removed] d. Self-actualization

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 4

 

1.       The three people credited for the development of Gestalt therapy are:

 

[removed] a. Perls, Burber, and Nitche
[removed] b. Perls, Perls, and Goodman
[removed] c. Rogers, Glassman, and Goodman
[removed] d. Perls, Kohler, and Koffka

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 5

 

1.      As a person becomes more congruent, which of the following changes is most likely to be seen?

 

[removed] a. Elimination of negative thoughts
[removed] b. Eradication of problem behaviors
[removed] c. Greater self-empowerment
[removed] d. Success in a failing relationship

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 6

 

1.       All of the following are existential philosophers except:

 

[removed] a. Sartre
[removed] b. Heidegger
[removed] c. Tillich
[removed] d. Bion

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 7

 

1.      Accurate _______ means that the counselor is able to both understand the client’s words, feelings, and perceptions of the world and communicate that understanding successfully.

 

[removed] a. empathy
[removed] b. congruence
[removed] c. unconditional positive regard
[removed] d. genuineness

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 8

 

1.       In existential counseling, the client is

 

[removed] a. An existential partner with the counselor
[removed] b. A student learning from a teacher
[removed] c. Analyzed by the counselor
[removed] d. None of the above

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 9

 

1.       Which of the following is descriptive of what “closure” means in existential counseling?

 

[removed] a. Facing the end of the helping relationship is the final confrontation with reality.
[removed] b. It means stopping therapy at the end of the semester at a counseling center.
[removed] c. It is when counselors close out all of their files.
[removed] d. It is a relatively unimportant part of counseling.

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 10

 

1.      According to person-centered theory, for someone to be continuously believed and trusted by a client they must:

 

[removed] a. years of professional experience
[removed] b. be genuine
[removed] c. know the right questions to ask
[removed] d. not make mistakes

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 11

 

1.      A criticism of person-centered counseling or therapy is:

 

[removed] a. Its deterministic stance
[removed] b. Rigid steps in the counseling or therapy process
[removed] c. Too few specifics regarding actions for the new counselor or therapist
[removed] d. Overly confrontational

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 12

 

1.      Perls:

 

[removed] a. Had a passionate belief in the holistic nature of humankind
[removed] b. Believed that human beings had the capacity and strength to grow, develop, and to become the persons that they desired
[removed] c. Asked clients to focus on why they behaved in certain ways
[removed] d. Both “a” and “b” above

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 13

 

1.      The word Gestalt is a German term that means:

 

[removed] a. Counselor/client working alliance
[removed] b. Existential anxiety
[removed] c. The integration of parts into a perceptual whole
[removed] d. The phenomenological field

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 14

 

1.      Active listening includes which of the following?

 

[removed] a. Making good eye contact
[removed] b. Leaning toward the client
[removed] c. Facing the client
[removed] d. All of the above

 

2 points   

 

QUESTION 15

 

1.      The study of human experience through attending to the subjective observations of individuals is:

 

[removed] a. Retroflection
[removed] b. Empty chair
[removed] c. Boundary disturbance
[removed] d. Phenomenology

 

2 points   

 

 

QUESTION 16

 

1.      The most important factor in the therapeutic alliance is the:

 

[removed] a. Quality and nature of the relationship between counselor or therapist and client
[removed] b. Counselor’s or therapist’s skills
[removed] c. Client’s willingness to work hard
[removed] d. Depth of the problems being experienced

 

2 points

 

QUESTION 17

 

1.       A phenomenological perspective:

 

[removed] a. Describes the concept that all persons view the world in a similar manner
[removed] b. Describes the concept that all persons have a unique perspective
[removed] c. Describes the concept of the “I-Thou” relationship
[removed] d. None of the above

 

2 points

 

QUESTION 18

 

1.       Which of the following is not one of the three approaches to existential counseling?

 

[removed] a. Dynamic existentialism
[removed] b. Humanistic existentialism
[removed] c. Cognitive/behavioral existentialism
[removed] d. Transpersonal existentialism

 

2 points

 

QUESTION 19

 

1.       Which of the following is not a goal of existential counseling:

 

[removed] a. Confronting anxieties about the givens of existence
[removed] b. Developing meaning from everyday life
[removed] c. Confronting irrational thoughts that lead to difficult emotions
[removed] d. Developing inner strength

 

2 points

 

QUESTION 20

 

1.      One of the views that Gestalt theory holds regarding the individual is that he or she is:

 

[removed] a. Fully responsible for his/her behavior
[removed] b. Shaped by forces in the environment
[removed] c. Motivated by unconscious drives
[removed] d. Not able to become aware of himself or herself in the here and now

 

2 points

 

QUESTION 21

 

1.      The founder of person-centered counseling is:

 

[removed] a. Carl Rogers
[removed] b. Victor Frankl
[removed] c. Fritz Perls
[removed] d. Rollo May

 

2 points

 

QUESTION 22

 

1.       Which of the following are major constructs of existentialism?

 

[removed] a. Death
[removed] b. Freedom
[removed] c. Isolation
[removed] d. All of the above

 

2 points

 

QUESTION 23

 

1.      Which statement is most descriptive of Buber’s “I-Thou ” relationship?

 

[removed] a. People speak about others, but seldom to them.
[removed] b. This relationship embodies a holy respect for the other person.
[removed] c. This relationship has little meaning, because there is little sense of self.
[removed] d. It shows a relationship that is condescending and not respectful.

 

2 points

 

QUESTION 24

 

1.      Awareness is the key to Gestalt therapy. Through awareness, the organism/person naturally proceeds toward:

 

[removed] a. Growth
[removed] b. Integration
[removed] c. Differentiated unity
[removed] d. All of the above

 

2 points

 

QUESTION 25

 

 

[removed] a. Using a continuum of awareness focused on how, what, and where
[removed] b. Using questions rather than statements
[removed] c. Using the third-person pronoun “they”
[removed] d. Addressing others indirectly

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